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Re: [tor-talk] Load Balancing/High Availability Hidden Services




On 11/03/15 17:40, George Kadianakis wrote:
> MacLemon <tor@maclemon.at> writes:
> 
>> Hoi!
>>
>> I'm looking into ideas for creating “load balanced” or “high availability” hidden services. Mostly pertaining to web servers serving large-ish static files. (Let's say 5-100MB each.)
>>
>> Load balanced as in not all requests end up at the same box to speed up downloads.
>> High availability as in the service is still available if one box goes down or is taken offline for maintenance.
>>
>> So, not exactly your usual distributed-cluster setup.
>>
>>
>> From what I understand it would not make sense to run the same HS Key on multiple boxes since the descriptors would overwrite each other every few minutes.
>>
>> I don't think one can do something like Round-Robin DNS with HS.
>>
>> So the only way I can imagine this to work is a central redirection node that know about all the nodes and more or less intelligently/randomly 302 redirects each file request to a known-to-it server.
>>
>> This still leaves a single-point-of-failure in form of the redirection server but would at least distribute the traffic load across multiple servers and cope for nodes coming and going.
>>
>> Has anyone done something like this?
>>
> 
> An application-layer load balancer like HAProxy might be able to help you.
> 
> Unfortunately, there is not something equivalent to DNS Round Robin
> for hidden services yet. There are some ideas on how to do this on the
> Introduction Point-layer, but a proposal still needs to be written. For
> further reading:
> https://lists.torproject.org/pipermail/tor-dev/2014-April/006788.html
> https://lists.torproject.org/pipermail/tor-dev/2014-May/006812.html
> 

I've been thinking a little about this problem. It seems like one simple
solution would be to find a way of combining the
descriptors/introduction points from multiple Tor HS instances into one
hidden service descriptor from which the client can pick intro points at
random.

To implement such a solution like that, there needs to be a means for
the hidden service instances to communicate with other. They can then
either selected a common set of intro points or combine the individual
sets of intro points selected by each instance.

In one straight forward implementation a hidden service operator could
set up a Tor relay and a hidden service on each of their load-balancing
nodes. These load balancing hidden services SHOULD have different hidden
service keys and could use stealth authentication for privacy (so that
their introduction points are encrypted).

A management server would contain the actual hidden service key but
would not need to run any hidden services. The role of the management
server would be to regularly fetch descriptors for the load-balancing
hidden services, combine the introduction points into a single
descriptor for the hidden service which is then published as normal.

After the signature on the hidden service descriptor is verified there
is the hidden service protocol doesn't user the permanent key/onion
address. As such there is no need for each of the relays to have a copy
of the hidden service key.

I think this provides a couple of advantages:

	- The hidden service key only needs to be in one place. The machine
holding the key would generate very little traffic and would not be
locatable by the publically known hidden service attacks.

	- The hidden service key could be stored encrypted on the management
server.

	- If any of the load balancing relays are compromised an operator
simply needs to stop including its introduction points in the
descriptor. This should minimise the need to 'revoke' hidden service keys.

The number of introduction points in a HS descriptor is currently
limited to 10 in Tor. This sets a limit on the number of load-balancing
nodes that could be deployed at present.

This approach doesn't require any changes to the Tor code base at all. I
hope to implement a management server in the next few weeks to test how
this works in practice.

It would be great to get any feedback about this proposal!

Regards,
Donncha



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